Chinese Traditional Dress- Horse Face Skirt

The horse-faced skirt(Mamianqun) first came into focus when Dior released a bustier skirt that resembled a Chinese horse-faced skirt and was questioned by many netizens for being a copy of the Chinese horse-faced skirt.

As the “plagiarism door” incident continued to ferment, the horse-faced skirt began to enter people’s view, and the “horse-faced skirt” incident deeply stung the cultural nerves of the nation.

At the 35th Golden Rooster Awards, Xu Jiao came wearing a horse-faced dress, with a stunning appearance of a plain lapel shirt and a horse-faced dress with cyan blue divine beasts and flowers. From a million flowers to kill a blood road, harvest countless praise, horse face dress again by Cope out of the circle.

First, there is a brand for copying the horse face dress to make a storm, and then there is the horse face dress on the red carpet alone. The horse face skirt has been frequently in the hot search, triggering discussion and causing people to think about how to protect traditional Chinese clothing.

What is the horse-faced dress?

 It is one of the main skirt styles for women in ancient China from the Liao and Song dynasties to the Ming and Qing dynasties. The horse-faced skirt has a total of four skirt gates, which are overlapped by two, with a horse face in front and behind and pleats on both sides, so it is also called a horse-faced pleated skirt. It was designed to be graceful and easy to move around.

The history of the horse-faced skirt can also be traced back to the Song Dynasty, when a functional “skirt with slit hips” was designed for the convenience of riding donkeys.

Meng Hui’s “Skirt with Slit” writes: “This type of Song skirt is a composite of two independent skirts of equal size, and when making the skirt, the two skirt pieces are partially laminated together and sewn to the waist of the skirt.”

In the Ming Dynasty, the design of the horse-face skirt with open crotch front and back was suitable for walking and working, and was loved by women of all classes in the Ming Dynasty. The texture, decoration and color of the skirt were strictly different for different classes, but at this time it was not named “horse-faced skirt” but was called “hiki-sa”.

During the Qing Dynasty, the horse-faced skirt developed rapidly and gradually became the daily dress of Han Chinese women, and was officially named “horse-faced skirt”. During the Qing dynasty, great importance was attached to the decoration of the horse face, and three types of skirts were developed, such as the side tuck, the zigang, and the phoenix tail, which not only had practical value but also incorporated artistic colors.

The West was also moved by the exquisiteness of Chinese dresses, and in 1981, Princess Diana of England wore a horse-faced dress to a dinner party. It has undergone a series of changes, but whether it is the Ming horse-faced Qing horse-faced, or the Republican horse-faced dress, it is a microcosm of our history.

“The greatness of etiquette, so called summer. The beauty of the dress chapter is called Hua.” Clothing is the carrier of Chinese civilization, it not only reflects the external norms, but also reflects the inner qualities, so China has been known as “the country of clothes”, “the state of etiquette”.

The Ma-Mian dress is part of China’s excellent traditional cultural heritage, and should not only exist in the hot search, or sleep in the museum of history.

The design of the Ma-Mian skirt looks more modern and lighter than other types of Chinese clothing. The front and back look like straight/A-line skirts, and the sides look like pleated skirts, so the single piece of the Ma-Mian skirt is very malleable and wearable in terms of wearability.

The horse face skirt worn by Xu Jiao at the Golden Rooster Awards features a classic doughnut layout with a bright atmosphere, and is decorated with the most favorite decorative skirt beads of the Ming Dynasty, sewing all the culture of the Tang and Ming Dynasties into it, with a simple but exquisite pair of shirts, decent and elegant.

Ultramarine, ochre, inscription yellow, a variety of traditional Chinese colors flowing on the skirt, elegant. Or lightly swinging, or standing still, raising hands and feet all bring the audience a visual enjoyment of ancient and elegant.

The Dior incident has sounded the alarm of protecting our traditional culture, when the horse face dress only as a cultural relic lying in the museum, the scope and effect of cultural export, far less than wearing it on the body, into a mobile history, to the public, to the world.

“The best way to pass on culture is not to preserve it, but to use it.”

More and more international students are wearing horse-face dresses at graduation ceremonies or attending important occasions in Chinese costumes, so that more people can hear the voice from China, from the younger generation of China.

Nowadays, you can meet people who wear the ma-mian skirt as their regular outfit in any daily scenes in the streets, shopping malls, subways, office buildings, etc. The horse face skirt has become a sought-after fashion item for young people.

The popularity of the Ma-Mian skirt is also a microcosm of the current sinking of Hanfu to the public, presenting a benign development of the Hanfu culture it is in. Knowing where it comes from and knowing where it goes, it is important to promote and pass on traditional costumes, as well as to be innovative.

In order to adapt to the development of the times and to meet the needs of modern young people in their daily wear, the new Hanfu was born, also known as modern Hanfu, which is a Hanfu system that is innovative on the basis of retaining the typical formal characteristics of Han Chinese traditional dress and combining them with the diverse dressing situations and fashion aesthetics of the public today, and therefore has more diverse elements than the traditional


There is no clear standard for modern Hanfu, as long as it is a fusion of traditional Chinese style elements with modern design, it can be considered. And the design style and wearing habits of the new Hanfu are more in line with modern demand aesthetics.

The diversified, popular and everyday advantages of the new Hanfu make it easier to open up the mass market.

According to statistics, from 2015 to 2021, China’s hanbok market size achieved a surge from 190 million yuan to 10.16 billion yuan, and a scaled-up hanbok market is slowly taking shape, and the ladder from category, quality to price point is becoming more and more perfect.

The rise of national strength has prompted the return of cultural confidence and evoked cultural identity among the younger generation, with Hanfu culture seeing a rise in popularity, a new generation of consumers with a rising sense of national identity, and a growing emphasis on traditional Chinese culture, providing an opportunity for the development of Hanfu culture.

In addition, with the help of new media platforms such as ShakeYin and Xiaohongshu, Hanfu culture is spreading, and the public’s perception of Hanfu is changing as dressing experts and Hanfu lovers share their daily Hanfu wears.

With the traditional oriental aesthetics of the millennium, the modern production process and contemporary aesthetic interest, the trend of Chinese costume is achieved.

It is a more vivid cultural heritage to wear the frozen history into a flowing culture.

Other topic you may like

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Shopping Cart