Traditional Chinese Dress:The ultimate guide

Traditional Chinese dress is known as the national essence of China and the representative of Chinese dress, which is a valuable treasure created by the Chinese nation and human society. Traditional costumes were revered in different colors and styles in different dynasties, reflecting the characteristics of their dynasties.

Traditional Chinese Dress History

Han Dynasty

  • Han Dynasty clothing characteristics: simple and natural
  • Popular colors: Xuan, red, white, green

More detail refer below post :

traditional chinese dress han

Han Dynasty clothing colors are mainly monochromatic, and advocate the dull colors, this is because by the early Han Dynasty to promote the art of Taoism Huanglao, as well as the Han Dynasty and after the influence of the promotion of Confucianism, Han Dynasty clothing to pursue the “essence of beauty”, so the popular colors of this period of clothing is a low brightness of xuan, red, green and White. It not only presents the beauty of the colors of Han Dynasty clothing, but also reveals the unique gentleness and generosity, tolerance and atmosphere of the Han Dynasty people.

The deep coat is the most remarkable representative of this period, it is divided into curved train robe and straight train robe, and the curved train robe is also the most common among women’s Han costumes. It is like a bed of quilts, the woman firmly wrapped, such clothes will limit the woman’s walking, so that they walk to look more dignified and slender, and other dynasties that kind of convenient jumping clothes completely different, looks dignified atmosphere, simple and natural.

weijin dynasty shen-clothes

Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties is an era full of great ethnic integration and social upheaval in the long history of China. Therefore, its clothing culture and ideological culture also play a link between the preceding time and the following dynasties. Until today, some cloths still retain characteristics of Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties.

Tang Dynasty

  • Tang’s exuberance, gorgeous brocade robe;
  • The bright but not vulgar, thick and light appropriate;
  • Characteristics of Tang dynasty dresses: wrong color and gold
  • Popular colors: scarlet, violet, yellow, green and blue
tang dynasty clothes - hanfu

If dynasties have colors, the Tang Dynasty must be the delicate color of red and green. The Tang Dynasty was an inclusive and open era, so the Tang Dynasty clothing style was flamboyant and elegant, with bright and vivid colors, detailed and complicated patterns, and a love of color collision. During this period, culture and art flourished, and women pursued individuality with a wide variety of dress patterns, which had a bright, flashy, free and dashing artistic style, revealing the beautiful and voluptuous beauty of the Sui and Tang dynasties to the fullest.

The short-skirt suit of the Tang Dynasty is one of the most wonderful and moving matching outfits in the Tang Dynasty and the whole history of Chinese costumes. The jacket-skirt suit refers to the traditional attire of a Tang Dynasty woman wearing a short jacket or shirt on top and a long skirt underneath, wearing a pashmina and adding half sleeves (i.e. short sleeves). The short jacket and long skirt were the basic form of women’s clothing in the Tang Dynasty, and the flounced jacket was very popular throughout the Tang Dynasty. The overall effect was that the top was short while the skirt was long and tugged at the ground, making the body appear slim and trim.

Song Dynasty

  • Confucianism of the Song Dynasty, where cleanliness is preferred;
  • The body is slim and fit, as gentle as jade;
  • Song Dynasty clothing characteristics: elegant and light
  • Popular colors: light red, pearl white, light blue, light yellow

Unlike the colorful Tang Dynasty, the Song Dynasty costume aesthetics tended to be more unique and elegant, emphasizing the original color and elegance. Light red, pearl white, light blue and light yellow were the favorite colors of the Song people, all of which were of medium to high brightness and low purity. Song people do not pursue the red and green of the Tang Dynasty, like to pursue changes in the same color system, the application of contrasting colors is less, the color is not as bright as before, the color match is very coordinated.

The Song Dynasty was the most literary dynasty in Chinese history, and its aesthetic standard was a thin and bony with a clear and elegant atmosphere, more respect for long and slender body, narrow, thin, long, strange is the main feature of women’s clothing in this period. Most of the women’s clothes are mainly narrow-sleeved short clothes on the top and long skirts on the bottom, usually wearing a long-sleeved shirt with a lapel on the outside of the top, which is light and elegant. The material processing is exquisite, the tone is soft, the whole is light, soft, elegant, rich life atmosphere, mentioning the Song system women’s clothing, we think more of the feeling of ebullience, simple and quiet.

Yuan Dynasty

  • Yuan’s nature, gold color phase Shang;
  • Long robe trailing the ground, imposing;
  • Yuan dynasty clothing features: gold and color
  • Popular colors: gold, Mongolian blue, gray-brown, emerald green
yuan dysnaty dress

Yuan dynasty in the use of color reverence for nature: Yuan dynasty dignitaries loved gold brocade, clothing reverence for gold, as a way to show wealth and status; blue, the Mongolian language called “Hoh”, is the color of the Mongolian people, in the Mongolian primitive beliefs, worship nature, worship the blue sky, blue symbolizes eternity, steadfastness and loyalty; In addition, the Yuan dynasty was established by the nomads. In addition, the Yuan Dynasty was a regime established by nomads, so animal furs were used in the costumes, so the color is mostly grayish brown; also, because they live by water and grass, they respect the grassland and love the green color.

Yuan Dynasty is the era of ethnic integration in Chinese history, clothing and costumes also fully reflect this feature. Yuan dynasty clothing, mainly robes, women’s cuffs are tighter and narrower, under the set of pants, convenient to get on and off the horse. In addition, in the Yuan dynasty banquet activities, the emperor’s hundred officials to wear a uniform color clothing, called “quality Sun clothing”, the Chinese translation for “one color clothing”, the clothing tops even under the garment, the upper tight under short, and in the waist plus crease accumulation, shoulder back hanging large beads of “quality Sun clothing” system, the Chinese called “This is a clothing system inherited from the Han and has the characteristics of Mongolian people!

Ming Dynasty

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  • The Ming dynasty was a period of great splendor and colorfulness;
  • The crown of flowers, skirt and coat, thick and slender to get the heart;
  • Ming Dynasty clothing features: flamboyant and dignified
  • Popular colors: big red, ruby blue, grape purple, grass green
ming dynasty dress

The overall characteristics of Ming Dynasty clothing: pay attention to color matching, the style is noble and dignified, strong sense of color layers. Big red, ruby blue, grape purple and grass green were the most popular colors in Ming Dynasty costumes. Since the Ming Dynasty, big red, as a symbol of life, warmth, nobility and festivity, also known as Chinese red, has really penetrated into the veins of Chinese culture.

In the Ming Dynasty, robes and shirts were the main costume, while officials wore “mending clothes” as their regular uniform, with a black hat on their head and a round-necked shirt. The so-called “complementary clothing” refers to the official uniform with a square embroidered pattern in front of the robe and shirt, the civil official figure for flying birds, military officials figure for fierce beasts, we often see in the film and television dramas of the Jin Yiwei costume is such.

Ming Dynasty women popular wear “than a” clothing, it is a sleeveless, collarless lapel vest (i.e., undershirt), set in the dress outside the skirt. The costumes of the Ming Dynasty, which were inherited from the Zhou and Han Dynasties and taken from the Tang and Song Dynasties, had distinctive Chinese cultural characteristics and were a model of Chinese clothing, which had a wide and far-reaching influence on the costumes and aesthetics of later generations and neighboring countries.

Qing Dynasty

  • The exquisiteness of the Qing, with inlaid and rolled color embroidery;
  • Narrow sleeves and tight fit, slim and short;
  • Qing dynasty clothing features: a hundred flowers
  • Popular colors: apricot yellow, vermilion, sky green, pale blue

The Qing Dynasty was one of the most changed times in the history of China’s clothing. The Qing Dynasty costumes retained the traditional costume elements of the nation, based on the absorption of Han Chinese costume elements, forming a unique costume culture of the Qing Dynasty. The color of the Qing Dynasty court dress style advocates nature, colorful and heavy at the same time, not lack of fresh and elegant, emphasizing the contrast trim, appropriate to show the gentle connotation of Oriental women.

From the perspective of the entire history of clothing development, the dress form of the Qing Dynasty was the most elaborate in Chinese historical clothing, with more articles and regulations than the previous generation. Clothing form is more relaxed, straight shape, the outer contour of the A-shaped or T-shaped. Style of men’s clothing in the Qing dynasty mainly robe, coat, jacket, shirt, pants, etc.. Horseshoe sleeves is a unique decoration on the Qing dynasty palace dress, from the emperor, down to the hundred officials, including the eight banners women, all clothes must be used. Manchu women usually wear flag dress robe, robe plus cover vest. To this day, the Qing dynasty dress has produced a “generation of beautiful dress” influence on domestic and foreign.

Traditional Chinese clothing is divided into two categories: Chinese style clothing and Western style clothing. Chinese clothing ` Western-style clothing by thousands of years of historical accumulation, the formation of a distinctive style and system, in the style, shape, structure, local features, decoration, color, pattern, aesthetic culture are different, with its distinctive national and regional. Read More >>

Traditional Chinese Dress Style

Whenever we talk about traditional Chinese culture, it always reminds us of Hanfu, “gentle and light, slow and firm”. But Hanfu are different from one period to another, so is this already confusing to you? Here is a little knowledge about the Hanfu of certain periods, let’s learn about it!

Hanfu, the traditional clothing of the Han nation. Hanfu of various dynasties are in the same lineage, but they are different from each other. Hanfu is divided into Wei and Jin, Tang, Song and Ming systems according to the period.

tang dynasty clothes - hanfu

 The culture of Hui costume has been born and developed in conjunction with the diverse community of Hui. The Hui people usually refer to dress as “clothing” and “wearing”.

From the time when the ancestors of the Hui appeared in China with their neat and gorgeous clothes, unique headgear, and exotic images reflecting the degree of civilization of the Arab nation, to the time when they “followed the customs of their homeland” and became similar to the neighboring ethnic groups where they lived, mainly to the Han Chinese, they showed great adaptability, arbitrariness and localization.

 The Hui people still maintain and preserve some of the dress habits with Islamic and ethnic characteristics, and have formed and developed into the present-day Hui dress on the basis of the influence of Han Chinese and other fraternal peoples’ dresses.

The horse-faced skirt(Mamianqun) first came into focus when Dior released a bustier skirt that resembled a Chinese horse-faced skirt and was questioned by many netizens for being a copy of the Chinese horse-faced skirt.

As the “plagiarism door” incident continued to ferment, the horse-faced skirt began to enter people’s view, and the “horse-faced skirt” incident deeply stung the cultural nerves of the nation.

At the 35th Golden Rooster Awards, Xu Jiao came wearing a horse-faced dress, with a stunning appearance of a plain lapel shirt and a horse-faced dress with cyan blue divine beasts and flowers. From a million flowers to kill a blood road, harvest countless praise, horse face dress again by Cope out of the circle.

traditional chinese dress qipao

The cheongsam(qipao) is a very typical Chinese traditional dress, which was popular in the 1920s and is also a favorite dress of many women in contemporary society. cheongsam(qipao) brings out the beauty of oriental women, either reserved and gentle, or mysterious and cold. In today’s society, women are on par with men in life and career. In addition to having good working ability, women should also have corresponding temperament and image, and dress is an important factor to improve women’s image and temperament. In addition to wearing professional clothes, formal wear, women can also wear cheongsam(qipao) on formal occasions, dinner parties and grand events to show a charming style and attract many eyes with unique oriental rhythmic beauty. Read More >>

Natural, ornate, elegant, inside the show …… They all have their own charm. The reason why traditional costumes are praised as classical beauty is because the costumes of each dynasty and generation are so beautiful and elegant that they can stand the baptism of the years!

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